Inward-turning Eyelid – Entropion
The medical term used to describe rolling inward of the lower eyelid and eyelashes towards the eye is entropion. The skin of the eyelid and the eyelashes rub against the front of the eye — the cornea — and the mucous membrane that protects the eye (the conjunctiva). This rubbing can lead to excessive tearing, crusting of the eyelid, mucous discharge, a feeling that something is in the eye, irritation of the cornea and impaired vision.
In most cases, entropion occurs because of age-related relaxation of the tissues of the eyelid. Some cases result from scarring of the inner surface of the eyelid caused by chemical and thermal burns, inflammatory diseases or allergic reactions. Occasionally, entropion can be present at birth if the eyelids do not form properly.
Outward-turning Lower Eyelids – Ectropion
Ectropion is the medical term used to describe sagging and outward turning of the lower eyelid and eyelashes. This can lead to excessive tearing, crusting of the eyelid, mucous discharge and irritation of the eye. In most cases, ectropion occurs because of age-related relaxation of the tissues of the eyelid. Some cases are caused by scarring as a result of many years of sun-exposure, chemical and thermal burns, injury, skin cancers, or previous eyelid surgery. Occasionally, ectropion can be present at birth if the eyelids do not form properly.
Your initial consultation is crucial to the success of any treatment.
It is your chance to explain and discuss your hopes and fears, so it may help if you write down a list of ideas and questions in advance. You may want to bring along a friend or family member for moral support or to ask additional questions.
It allows Mr Kamalarajah to review your medical history and lifestyle, photograph you (with your permission), assess your suitability for treatment and explain your options.
Finally, you can discuss possible procedures together so that you have a thorough understanding of what can be achieved and what risks there might be.
After the consultation, Mr Kamalarajah will write to your GP summarising the consultation.
Entropion should be repaired surgically before the rubbing damages the cornea by causing infection and scarring. Before surgery, the eye can be protected by taping the lower eyelid down to the cheek and using lubricating drops and ointment. In some cases, stitches (sutures) can be placed through the lower eyelid as a temporary measure until more definitive surgery can be performed.
Surgery to repair entropion is usually performed under local anesthesia as a day case procedure. In most instances, i will tighten the eyelid and its attachments, usually through a small incision at the outer corner of the eyelid, and will also re-attach the internal eyelid attachments, known as retractors.
Ectropion should be repaired surgically before the front of the eye (the cornea) is damaged. The surgery to repair ectropion is usually performed under local anesthesia as a day case procedure. In most cases, I will tighten the eyelid and its attachments, usually through a small incision at the outer corner of the eyelid. Sometimes sutures through the lower lid are also required in order to re-attach the internal eyelid attachments known as retractors. Occasionally, a skin graft may also be required.